Antabuse Safety Instructions: Precautions and Contraindications

Antabuse is an extremely powerful medication, the drastic influence of which affects a wide range of body organs and functions. Thus, proper treatment intake is an inevitable part of the full course. The key concept of Antabuse action is the stimulation of unpleasant side effects being a result of Antabuse combination with alcohol. The first and the most important rule of the whole medication course is: NO ALCOHOL.

Striving to eliminate any possible risks, a patient should consult a healthcare provider first. Provide your doctor with all the vital information about your general health condition, different diseases you have and other complications. To make sure Antabuse administration is safe in your condition, tell the doctor about the following problems, if any:

  • kidney or liver diseases;
  • severe heart issues, history of stroke or heart attack;
  • diabetes;
  • epilepsy or convulsions;
  • underactive thyroid;
  • history of serious head or brain damage;
  • mental disorders and others.

Additionally, keep in mind a number of cases when Antabuse intake is strictly prohibited. The medication course should not be even started if you are allergic to the active component of the drug – Disulfiram. Besides, do not administer the preparation if you have consumed alcohol or alcohol containing foods within the last 12 hours. The combination of Antabuse with other medications can lead to undesirable interactions and negative consequences, thus, provide the doctor with a list of other pharmaceuticals you are currently taking. Never mix Antabuse with paraldehyde and metronidazole. Such products, as vinegar, various desserts, mouthwash, cough lozenges and cold syrups contain alcohol, so eliminate their usage during Antabuse treatment course.
antabuse drug interactions
Although it is not known if Antabuse passes into the breast milk, the preparation should not be administered by pregnant and breastfeeding women to reduce even the possibilities of possible harmful impact on the health of nursing or unborn children. Antabuse cannot be taken by and given to anyone under 18.

Antabuse Misuse and Overuse and Related Side Effects

Once you are sure the medication course is safe for your health and is not likely to produce any side effects, the essential task is to follow all the directions to experience the promised results. Take the preparation exactly as prescribed by the doctor without any diversifications. Using Antabuse in the proper dose, suiting your general health condition and the severity of the condition is also important. Never adjust the medication dose or strength on your own. Once you have missed a scheduled Antabuse intake, use the medicine as soon as remember, though do not increase the following scheduled dose. Do not consume alcohol for more that 14 days after you stop the treatment course.

If you have noticed any complications or allergic reactions after Antabuse administration, seek emergency medical assistance. Call your doctor in case you have got any of the following side effects:

  • severe allergic reactions (hives, problems breathing, swelling, itching, etc.);
  • nausea, vomiting, constipations, stomach disorders;
  • sudden weight gain;
  • flushing;
  • increased thirst and sweating;
  • mild exertion, chest pain;
  • headaches, vision difficulties;
  • uneven heartbeat;
  • fatigue, weakness, etc.

Even more severe complications may occur in case Antabuse is combined with large alcohol amounts. The symptoms of dangerous Antabuse misuse include slow heart rate, chest pain, convulsions, difficulty breathing, fainting and others. Keep in mind that the mix of Disulfiram with huge amounts of alcohol can be fatal.