Definition and Consequences of Chronic Alcoholism

reduction strategy What is alcoholism? Basically, it’s a widespread substance-abuse ailment, which results in major negative health complications because alcohol affects all important body organs. Chronic alcoholics face an increased risk of having such serious diseases as pancreatitis, cirrhosis, mental disorders, GI, cancer and others. Unfortunately, most patients have a bad insight into this type of addiction, and this state is called a denial. It’s necessary to find out more about the devastating consequences of alcohol abuse.

Basic Facts to Understand

First, you should understand that drinking too much alcohol regularly is quite harmful to your overall health, and the main reason is that this substance affects different vital body systems, thus, leading to detrimental effects. There are many factors that influence your individual response to heavy drinking, including your gender, age, genetics, body mass, etc.

When your body receives more alcohol than metabolizing, the excessive substance starts building up in your bloodstream. Don’t forget that your heart keeps circulating it through the body, and this is what results in changes in normal chemistry and body functions.Even one episode of heavy drinking may result in major body damage and impairment. Excess alcohol use leads to the development of chronic ailments and other health complications over time.

Most Common Health Risks Associated with Chronic Alcoholism

Liver problems.

Keep in mind that a major part of alcohol metabolism happens in your liver, and that’s why this body organ is at risk. Most of those patients who drink heavily are prone to having alcoholic fatty livers because chronic alcoholism leads to accumulating the excess of fats. There are other problems that can be experienced, including alcoholic hepatitis, organ failure and so on.


Drinking too much alcohol results in this medical condition, which is a painful inflammation that requires immediate hospitalization.


Another serious health problem is that chronic alcoholism increases the risk of developing cancer that affects different body organs, including breasts, colon, liver and others.

Specific gastrointestinal problems.

Heavy drinking also results in having painful stomach ulcers, gastritis, acid reflux and other similar issues. The main reason is that alcohol passes through your digestive tract first, and this is where it starts exerting toxic and harmful effects. Unfortunately, this damage to your digestive system may result in risky internal bleeding, which is another widespread complication associated with chronic alcoholism.

Weakening your immune system.

Many chronic drinkers suffer from weakening their immune system, and this is what makes their bodies quite vulnerable to different infections and such ailments as tuberculosis and pneumonia. Take into account that every episode of heavy drinking decreased the ability of your body to fight infections for more than one day.

Brain damage.

This harmful substance changes important neurotransmitters and receptors in the brain, thus, interfering with your cognitive functions, emotions, mood and other reactions. Alcohol also acts as quite a powerful depressant when it comes to your central nervous system.


This substance disrupts your proper balance and coordination, and that’s why heavy drinking often ends up with multiple injuries from falling. Sometimes, excessive alcohol consumption leads to the inability to remember even minor events.

Vitamin deficiencies.

Finally, chronic alcoholism results in malnourishment, so that you may have an unhealthy diet when drinking too much.